- Ethnicity presents two interrelated dimensions: a symbolic dimension related to aspects of meanings and a political dimension about elements of the experience. Ethnicity is not only given as a form of interaction between individuals but also has a sense for them, i.e., ethnicity has an organizational dimension, but it is also something that serves individuals to identify, the symbolic burden is at least as necessary as the corporate. When we refer to the nominal charge of ethnicity, we mention the capacity of ethnicity to create a social order that is related to specific interests. When we identify ourselves, we create an order based on a social situation, and we recognize ourselves in time.
- Identity is a social product that emerges from the dialectic between the individual and society (Berger and Luck man). A character is seen as a result of part of the objectification and self-consciousness of the groups in situations of contrast or confrontation of their different cultures.
- Ethnicity as a result of a historical process, in which some elaborated cultural elements work in the interaction to make the difference visible.
- Ethnicity can be created from the outside and inside the group.
- Modernization does not imply a loss of ethnic identity, but on the contrary, it sometimes supposes an exacerbation of it, and the conflicts derived from the construction of national states in the former colonies have led to ethnic groups being forced to build a nation nationally.
- Ethnicity as a social organization and with an interactive purpose becomes an instrument that actors use.