Author: Mark Talbert

What Is The Difference Between Charity And Social Work?

What Is The Difference Between Charity And Social Work?

Most people often mistake social and charity work to mean the same thing, which is normally a wrong concept. This is because they have never taken time to find out the main difference between social work and charity. The two terms and the activities that both engage may seem similar but the truth is there exist a difference even if it is slight. In this article, I want to highlight the small difference that exists between charity work and social work.

The first difference between charity and social work is based on objective. The main objective of charity work greatly lies on helping people who are in dire need of help to attain a descent standard of living and having their rights protected. catholic charitiesSocial work on the other hand is based on poverty ancient civilization and religious beliefs of the world. It main involves Health care, poverty alleviation, legal aid, sustainable development, domestic violence, education, addiction, child abuse, homelessness among many other things. 

Another notable difference is in terms of payment. Charity work is an act of helping people by giving objects such as clothes or food, money, or any other resources that can help improve their lives without being paid and does not require any formal training. Social work on the other hand is a paid job and requires formal. It involves working with people from different walks to be emotionally supportive and to help them connect with other outside agencies which can include charitable organizations.

Another difference is that charity work involves helping an individual or a group of people obtain what they need at the moment whereas social works involves training and motivating individuals or a group of people, to help them acquire or earn what they need not just at the moment but in their entire lifetime. In other words, the aim of social work is to help people solve their own problems.

Charity work is a short term work that may not go beyond  three years as it involves giving people what they need right away. However, social work is a long term project and has pre set goals that may take more than five years to achieve.

Though the two terms may seem similar in terms of objectives, there however exists a small difference and I hope that by reading through this article, you have had an insight of the difference between charity work and social work.

What Are The Causes Of Racism?

What Are The Causes Of Racism?

Racism is one of the most common problems affecting human kind. It haunts our current relationship with others as well as degrading the future. Even though it is a common issue on earth, most people don’t know exactly what cause racism, yet most of them are racist. In order to cub racism, we need to understand what causes racism. Here are some of the causes of racism:

Poor upbringing

Most parents bear the responsibility of what their children believe in and what they think about other people of different races. Each time a parent talks or responds harshly to another person of a different race, they are sending a message to their children that such kind of people should be treated that way and this is how racism begins. Hate starts from the parents and spreads to the children making it very hard to change as it becomes part of their personality.

Peer pressure

Friends can have the same effect as parents. Associating yourself with people who believe that a particular group of people are not worth associating with can influence you to hate that group of people as you are likely to listen to your friends. You are therefore more likely to agree with what they say about people from another race and this can lead you to become a racist.racism effect

Personal Experience

People who have been assaulted by people from another race tend to develop fear and hatred towards that particular race. This is normal but as you develop much hatred about this particular race, it becomes racism. Some people even go as far as influencing other people from their race to hate that particular race, hence contributing to racism at a great extent.


Most people are fearful about what they don’t know or understand. If a child is brought up with people from his or her race alone, then the child is more likely to resist people from other races. This is not a common case, but when someone is fed with negative stereotypes and has no life experience about staying around people from other races, he or she  is more likely to be a racist. That is why it is essential for children to grow up around people from other races to ensure that their minds adapt and to avoid believing in negative statements from stereotypes.

Other causes of racism can be stereotypes and selfishness. Racism is a bad thing and as human beings we should do everything possible to ensure that it does not crop in our society. It is not the government’s responsibility to fight racism but yours. Starting fighting racism today and change the world.


Is Drug Addiction The Worst Curse Of Humanity?

This is a question of debate and depending on each person’s point of view, drug addiction can or cannot be considered a curse on humanity. However, before answering this question, it is essential that we understand what drugs are and what addiction is, as well as the overall effects of addiction. By understanding this, we will have an insight of why drugs may or may not be a curse on humanity.

What are drugs?

Drugs are chemical substances that alter the normal functioning of the body and brain. Whereas drugs can be used to treat different ailments affecting human beings, overdosing or using the drugs for wrong purposes pose a great danger of addiction and several health issues. Abusing and getting addicted to different drugs has different effects on the user and may include health consequences that may last for long or even permanent consequences. These effects may even continue after the person has stopped taking these substances.drug abuse

As we speak, over 7 million across the globe are suffering from drug abuse and addiction, and one in every 5 deaths is due to drug abuse and addiction. In fact, more illness, disability stems, and death are as a result of drug abuse and addiction than from other preventable health issues. People suffering from drug and substance addiction also pose a high risk of unintentional accidents, injuries as well as domestic violence incidents.

What is drug addiction?

Medically known as substance use disorder, drug abuse or addiction is caused by habitual consuming of addictive substances such as alcohol, opioids, cocaine, hallucinogens, marijuana, and heroin among others. Drug addiction can, therefore, be defined as a chronic mental disorder that is characterized by compulsive substance seeking and use, despite its harmful effects.

Effects of drug addiction.

When we talk about effects of drug addiction, it is important to note that addiction has no positive effect on the user.  Drug addiction has several negative effects that we cannot talk about in this single article. Nevertheless, we are going to look at the overall or general effects of addiction without going deep into each and every effect of addiction.

Illness, disability stems, and deaths are some of the most common effects of drug addiction and affect more lives than several other preventable health issues. As we speak, more deaths due to substance abuse and addiction are experienced in most if not all parts of the world and according to statistics, one in every five deaths is due to drug abuse and addiction.

The impact on health due to drug abuse and addiction is far-reaching and affects virtually all organs of the body. Drugs weaken the body’s immune system, hence making it prone to infections and diseases. Drug addiction also results in cardiovascular problems such as heart attacks and abnormal heart rates. Injecting these drugs also lead to infection of the heart valves and blood vessels as well as collapsed veins. The liver is also not spared and it forces the liver to work extra hard and possibly result in significant damage to the liver.drug abuse adverse effect

One of the notable and perhaps the most dangerous effect of addiction is the ability to alter the normal functioning of the brain, which then interferes with an individual’s ability to think and make right decisions. There are several other effects of drug addiction and may include behavioral problems such as aggressiveness, paranoia, hallucinations, and loss of control among others.

Having known what drug abuse and addiction is, as well as the effects, then I can say that drug addiction is the worst curse on humanity. It has affected the human kind and taken away millions of lives. Drug addiction has spread and engulfed teenagers and older people across the world. Drug addiction has to be uprooted from the society, otherwise, the future generation will have to face unforeseen consequences.…

Community Service Volunteering Gives Lots Of Joy And Happiness

Community service

What runs through your mind when you hear about this term? Yes, it is a voluntary job that does not pay and is performed to the advantage of other people within the community. However, many people think of community service as a mandatory sentence or some sort of payback to the community. In fact, some countries require that teenagers participate in community service. Some institutions even mandate it as a graduation necessity. And so, to most people, community service comes with a lot of mixed reaction and can be seen as an obligation unwillingly service

However, that is not community service. Community service should not be looked into as a punishment but rather an exciting activity done on one’s own accord and with the general idea that we are all one, and that assisting each other, we will all succeed.

So what is community service?

Community service is a voluntary act you or a group of people with a common goal can do within your community to help improve the lives of people living in that particular environment. Community services are self-sacrificial and do not pay. Instead, one finds the joy and happiness of helping an individual or perhaps the entire community succeed or solve a particular problem.

How does community service volunteering bring joy and happiness?

Life is a series of giving and receiving. Sometimes, community service may involve repetitive works that make you feel like you are a slave and others are benefiting from your slavery. It may not be fun and you may think of several other things that you could do to improve your life. But doing things that you like for people you love, could actually bring a lot of joy and happiness in your life. The connection, compassion, and care you feel about others is what can make you happy.

Participating in a community service implies that you have a goal to accomplish. Be it educational, social, or financial goals, it is the sense of accomplishing these goals that will bring joy and happiness to you. Knowing that you have accomplished your goal as a community volunteer and that people are happy with your services will make you proud. The sense of pride brings about excitement and joy out of the passion for community service.

Knowing that your help is needed and that your service in the community has positively helped change the status of the community brings a lot of comfort. It helps drive away the sense of worrying too much about others and in turn, bring joy and happiness in seeing that everyone within the community is happy with your services.

As I conclude, think about those things that will help bring a difference at one corner of the world. Think about what you will enjoy sharing to help change the world and see that everyone is happy. This is the time to make the world a better place.…

What Is Ethnicity

part time social work jobs

An ethnic group is a human community that shares a set of sociocultural characteristics, as well as racial affinities. The word, as such, comes from the Greek  (ethnos), which means 'people.'

The ethnic groups have a common origin and a history and a tradition that unite as a people. They transmit from generation to generation their language, their customs, uses, values, beliefs, and institutions, as well as the set of artistic expressions that are part of their cultural heritage (music, dance, poetry, etc.).

In general, they are usually the original inhabitants of certain territories, so they are sometimes forced to declare or demand their sovereignty over them to avoid being displaced or annihilated by other invading ethnic groups.


Nowadays, many countries in the world, especially in Latin America, define themselves as multi-ethnic, since the State expressly recognizes the coexistence of several ethnic groups in its midst.


Such is the case of countries such as Bolivia, Mexico, Ecuador, Argentina or Venezuela.For its part, ethnology is the science that is dedicated to the study of the causes and reasons of customs and traditions that distinguish ethnic groups,


while ethnography is the discipline that is responsible for the descriptive study of the customs and traditions of the peoples. As such, both ethnology and ethnography are branches of anthropology.

It is incorrect, however, to use the concept of ethnicity as a synonym for the race, since the race is determined by biological factors, while factors of a sociocultural nature intervene in ethnicity.

Ethnicity And Race

Ethnicity and race are not equivalent concepts. Ethnicity refers to a human community that shares a series of socio-cultural features, such as language, culture, religion, institutions, values, customs, and racial affinities.

The race, however, refers to groups where a species is subdivided. It only considers aspects of a biological nature, as well as of a physical environment, associated with the phenotypic characteristics of individuals.

The ethnic groups, in this sense, differ from the races in that they are a human and cultural fact, while the tracks are a biological and natural fact that can be verified in other species.

Ethnic Identity, Nationalist Mania, And Multiculturalism As Racist Sprouts And Threats Against Humanity

It is a false concept. There is no identity, but history. Ethnically founded nationalism represents a particular case of ethnomania and, in democratic contexts, it always plays as an undemocratic and, therefore, reactionary force.   But they are historical realizations of the same universal cultural pattern, open to intercultural flow. Consequently, we must consider ethnicism,We need to refer to the whole, which also depends on the parts, some of which - like the human brain - reach a precise approximation of theirs, specific knowledge of the whole, perhaps as a synecdoche. What never fits is a total knowledge of the whole. There is no evidence of cosmic consciousness; although it seems reasonable that, if there is a whole universe, it is because it consists of some unity because it is a system in some sense and continues itself in temporal evolution. Now, between that expanding reality and the possible knowledge for human understanding mediates an insurmountable abyss.

. The claim to know the whole will always be a half-truth or a complete falsehood. The supposed entire experience cannot be but entirely wrong about itself. This applies to both physics and theology, going through biology and anthropology. Knowing will always be problematic and will require always correcting blurring.

Ethnic Identity, Ethnicity And Nationalism In The Contemporary World: The ‘Zulu’ Case

As a counterbalance to the intensification of global flows and the historical subordination of African peoples under colonial regimes, several phenomena tending to reclaim local ethnic identities have taken place in the last decades of the 20th century. New ethnopolitical organizations emerge that are configured to establish demands or claim ethnic rights. An example of this phenomenon is played by the “Zulu” ethnic group, in the province of KwaZulu / Natal. This categorization has been created since colonialism and has been sustained by classical anthropology.

Taking as a starting point the year 1994, in which the first multiparty and multiethnic elections were held in the Republic of South Africa, after the abolition of a the apartheid regime, we intend to follow up on the identity significations that have occurred in the Zulu ethnic group about their participation in national politics.african nation

EthnicityBased on a review, analysis and bibliographical reinterpretation, we consider that talking about ” lo Zulu” implies referring to a theoretical construction elaborated in two senses: from inside and outside the group, that is, from the bearers of the ethnic identity in question and the other signifiers, such as the Boers and the English. This construction comes from successive historical events and is presented as, a dialectical elaboration between Western society and the native society, the last of which has to create a model of supra-community identity that is useful and coherent with the new national panorama. A homogenizing stereotype is thus constructed that brings together a diversity of identity experiences under nationalist ideas.

The Zulu ethnic group belongs to the Bantus tibus, which reached the, area of southern Africa after a long migration from the Niger River delta, in West Africa, to the south and east, reaching the current Provincial KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), around 500 BC The particularity of this migration is that it was gradual, taking place in small groups that settled in different areas of the region. Some ended in the Highveld, others in northeastern South Africa, and others, the ancestors of the Nguni people (Zulus, Xhosa, Swazi and Ndebele), preferred to live on the coast. These groups not only raised cattle but also practiced agriculture, mainly harvesting wheat and other products (Schreaeder, 2000). In the new ethnopolitical organizations, ethnicity manifests itself exponentially, as they are configured to establish demands or claim ethnic rights.

Ethnicity: To Conclude It Could Be Said That

  • Ethnicity presents two interrelated dimensions: a symbolic dimension related to aspects of meanings and a political dimension about elements of the experience. Ethnicity is not only given as a form of interaction between individuals but also has a sense for them, i.e., ethnicity has an organizational dimension, but it is also something that serves individuals to identify, the symbolic burden is at least as necessary as the corporate. When we refer to the nominal charge of ethnicity, we mention the capacity of ethnicity to create a social order that is related to specific interests. When we identify ourselves, we create an order based on a social situation, and we recognize ourselves in time.
  • Identity is a social product that emerges from the dialectic between the individual and society (Berger and Luck man). A character is seen as a result of part of the objectification and self-consciousness of the groups in situations of contrast or confrontation of their different cultures.
  • Ethnicity as a result of a historical process, in which some elaborated cultural elements work in the interaction to make the difference visible.
  • Ethnicity can be created from the outside and inside the group.
  • Modernization does not imply a loss of ethnic identity, but on the contrary, it sometimes supposes an exacerbation of it, and the conflicts derived from the construction of national states in the former colonies have led to ethnic groups being forced to build a nation nationally.
  • Ethnicity as a social organization and with an interactive purpose becomes an instrument that actors use.